What you need to learn about filing a petition for change of name
Petition for Change of Name - Adult
Petition for Change of Name - Minor
Petition for Change of Name - Family
Petition for Change of Name – Adult
Persons 18 and older seeking
to change their name may do so by filing a Petition for Change of Name (For Adult Individual) (CAFC401). The
petition must state important facts required by law in order for a name change
to be granted. Generally the petition must describe who you are, where you
live, why you are seeking the change and whether the name change is being made
in good faith and without intent to defraud creditors. The forms you will need are available
from the Petition for Change of Name Forms page. Most lawyers will
file a Petition for Change of Name (For Adult Individual) (CAFC401) for a modest fee. If you have limited money
to spend, you may also ask a lawyer to help you with part of the process, such as
drafting the petition, reviewing the petition after you complete it, appearing
in court at a hearing, or helping you with publication. Court rules allow a
lawyer to help a party with certain specific tasks without handling the entire
case for a party. This is called Limited
Scope Representation. A lawyer providing limited representation
usually will charge a fixed fee or charge by the hour.
The steps include:
- Filing of a verified petition;
- Possible hearing;
- Entry of judgment; and
How to File a Petition for Change of Name
A Petition for Change of Name (For Adult Individual) (CAFC401) must be verified before it can be filed. This means you must swear or affirm the truth of the facts in the etition. Then you must sign the Petition under oath before a notary. Most banks have notaries that can do this for a small fee.
The petition must be filed in the circuit court in the county where you live.
How much will it cost to file?
Filing fees vary depending on the type of case. Filing fee information for your local court may be posted online. Use the "Find a Court" search feature to search for your local court.
What if I cannot afford the filing fee?
The court may waive the filing fees. If you cannot afford the court filing fee, you may file an application asking the fees be waived. This sometimes is called In Forma Pauperis (in the manner of a poor person). This form is available for download or you also may ask the court clerk for the application form. You will have to provide the court with detailed financial information under oath so the judge can decide if you are eligible for a waiver.
What happens after filing?
In most cases, if the
verified petition is filed properly, there is no need for a petitioner to
appear in court for a hearing. However, you must check with the court clerk in
your circuit to see if an appearance is required. Once the petition is reviewed
and approved by the court, the court will issue a judgment changing the
Upon receipt of a certified copy of an order from a court
of competent jurisdiction changing the name of a person born in this state and
upon request of such person or such person's parents, guardian, or legal
representative, the Missouri Department of Health and Senior Services, Bureau
of Vital Statistics shall amend the certificate of birth to show the new name.
The court order shall include such facts as are necessary to locate and
identify the certificate of birth of the person whose name is being changed.
Upon receipt of the judgment, the petitioner must make public notice of the name change at least once a week for three consecutive weeks in a newspaper of general circulation in the county in which they live. In addition, proof of said notice must be filed in the Office of the Clerk (in some courts this is the Court Administrator's Office) within 10 days after the date of the last publication. It is in your interest to publish your name change or it may be ineffective.
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Petition for Name Change – Minor
Changing the name of a minor is more complicated and requires additional steps. The following basic steps will help you understand the court process when seeking a name change on behalf of a minor.
The steps include:
1. Filing of verified Petition for Change of Name by Parent (For Minor Child) (CAFC402);
2. Written notarized consent (agreement) of both known parents or service on non-consenting parent;
3. Petition, Consent and Order for Parent's Appointment of Next Friend (CAFC411);
4. Written notarized consent of the child, if age 14 or older,
- To the name change, and
- To the appointment of next friend;
5. Possible hearing;
6. Entry of judgment; and
Filing the Petition
A child, through a next friend, may file a Petition for Change of Name by Parent (For Minor Child) (CAFC402) with the written notarized consent of both parents. The petition must state important facts required by law in order for a name change to be rendered. Generally, the petition must contain basic information about each parent, the child(ren), why the name change is being sought and whether the name change is in the child(ren)'s best interest. The forms are available for download from the Petition for Change of Name Forms page.
Petition for Appointment of Next Friend
is a formalized request to the court to act on a behalf of a minor child(ren). The Petition, Consent and Order for Parent's Appointment as Next Friend (CAFC411)
and is available from the Petition for Change of Name Forms page. The next friend is usually the child’s physical custodian.
In the state of Missouri,
changing the name of a minor requires written, notarized consent (agreement) of
each known parent. This written consent must be filed along with the petition
for name change. If the written consent
of both parents is not available, service on the non-consenting party will be
necessary. A child age 14 or older must
provide written notarized consents to the name change and to the person
appointed as next friend.
If the written consent of
each known parent is not filed, a copy of the petition together with a notice
stating the date of the hearing shall be served on each non-consenting, known
parent not less than 30 days before the date of the hearing. The service shall be by registered or
certified mail addressed to the last known address of the non-consenting
parent. Service shall be proved by the
certificate of the court clerk that a mailed copy of the petition and notice
has been sent by registered or certified mail.
In most cases, name changes
involving minors require an appearance by the parties in court. Some courts will issue a notice of hearing, which tells you when and where to appear. It is important that you check with your local court to see what their
requirements are. If a hearing is
required, you could ask an attorney to appear for you for a modest fee. Court rules allow an attorney to help parties with certain limited tasks.
As with adults, the change
of name of a minor is conditioned upon proper publication. Upon receipt of the judgment, the petitioner must make public notice of the name change at least once a week for three consecutive weeks in a newspaper of general circulation in the county
in which the minor(s) live. In addition,
proof of said notice must be filed in the Office of the Circuit Clerk (in some
courts this is the Court Administrator’s Office) within 10 days after the
date of the last publication.
Change of Name on Birth Certificate
The Missouri Department of
Health and Senior Services, Bureau of Vital Statistics will amend the birth
certificate to show the new name of person born in Missouri when that person,
or that person’s parents, guardian or legal representative makes a request and
provides a certified copy of the name change judgment.
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Petition for Name Change – Family
and minor children may join in a petition for change of name and the petition
shall include all information required of the parents (see Petition for Change of Name - Adult above) and the name of the minor children may be changed
at the discretion of the court. This
is designed to allow one petition to take the place of several where an entire
family is seeking a change of name.